By: E.M. Carroll ~ published in The Independent Journal ~ May - August 2005

There is Henderson information on this page that is not included in previous articles;)

This week begins a series of articles on the Henderson History of Southeast Missouri. Many current day Washington County residents along with other southeast Missourians are descended from the ancestors that will be chronicled in these articles. This history spans more than 200 years, two countries – Scotland and America, eleven states – Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana, Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Utah, and twelve Missouri Counties – Washington, Jefferson, St. Francois, St. Louis, Ste. Genevieve, Iron, Wayne, Carter, Butler, Crawford, Miller, and Benton. The first installment of this Henderson History series begins with my grandmother:

BERDIE HENDERSON MARTIN was born March 1st, 1904 in St. Francois County, Missouri. She was the third of ten children born to Martha "Mattie" Louella Briley and Rev. James Washington Monroe Henderson.

When a young girl Berdie was bitten just above her left ankle by a Brown Recluse spider. It left a circular sore about the size of a nickel that never healed. Berdie met her future husband, Guy Thomas Martin, in St. Francois County, Missouri I believe in the area of Cherryville. Their families got water from the same spring. Berdie and Guy would make arrangements to meet by leaving notes for each other in the fork of a tree by the spring. One time Berdie's mother found Berdie reading a note from Guy and ordered Berdie to give her the note. Instead Berdie defiantly popped it in her mouth and swallowed it!

Berdie and Guy married 24 July 1921 and eventually became the parents of eleven children one of whom died in infancy. Berdie cooked for her family on a wood stove. One time while carrying in firewood Berdie fell and sat down hard on the ground. She was about nine months pregnant with her seventh child but there was no damage or complications from her fall.

During the 1950’s or 60's Berdie resided in St. Louis and was employed for about six years at the well known Pope's Cafeteria. She was their head pastry chef. I remember eating there a few times and visiting grandma while she worked. On one particular visit there was a blind man with sunglasses and a cane standing at the entrance of the cafeteria begging with a tin cup. After awhile another man came up to the beggar and started a friendly conversation as if they knew each other. The beggar took off his sunglasses, looked directly at the man and shook his hand. It was obvious that he was not blind at all! After a few minutes of talking the second man left. The "blind man" put his sunglasses back on and resumed his begging.

Berdie loved to crochet and taught me her skill although I’m not as good at it as she was. It was a bit confusing for me at first because grandma was left-handed and I am right handed. I am fortunate to have several items that she crocheted before she went blind had to give it up. She also gave me her recipe for delicious chicken and dumplings.

One time in the 1970’s grandma came to spend the weekend at my house when I lived in Chesterfield. Grandma didn’t care much for cats so she was quite startled when she sat down on my living room couch and my cat, Boots, immediately jumped up in her lap and curled up to take a nap.

Grandma has been gone 19 years now and I still miss her. She died 28 July 1986 at Georgian Gardens in Washington County, Missouri and is buried in Big River Cemetery, Irondale.


By: E.M. Carroll

REV. JAMES WASHINGTON MONROE HENDERSON (my great grandfather) was born 30 December 1878 in BonneTerre, St. Francois County, Missouri. He was the son of Emaline Lawson and George Washington Henderson. In 1897 James married Martha (Mattie) Louella Briley (daughter of Mary Jane Green and James Talbert/Talbot Briley) in St. Francois County, Missouri and they eventually became the parents of ten children: Mary Emaline, William Robert, Berdie Mae, Gertie Hazel, Virgie Isabelle, twins Cora Marie and Ora Lee (Ora died in infancy), Eugene Debs, Arthur Albert, Loren James.

Rev. James became a Baptist preacher having been converted in 1919 at the Free Will Baptist Church at Cherryville, St. Francois County and was a member of the Fredericktown Free Will Baptist Church in Madison County. It is said that he learned how to read and write by studying the Bible. He was also pastor of a mission on South Broadway in St. Louis. One evening in 1944 while crossing the street in St. Louis en route to church James and Mattie were struck by an automobile driven by John Lyons. James was seriously injured and later died. Mattie suffered only a broken wrist. Mattie died 30 years later in 1974 at the age of 95. She is buried next to her husband, James, in Big River Cemetery at Irondale, Washington County, Missouri.

The Henderson family reunions were held anually at Desloge Park in St. Francois County. I remember one year in the 1960's or '70's a particularly humorous incident occurred. All of the food had been set out on tables under the pavilion and everyone was standing in line waiting their turn at the food. An elderly man with a cane came hobbling down the sidewalk by the edge of the park. When he looked over and saw all those people filling their plates with delicious home cooked food he toddled over and got in line then he sat down and ate his plate of food. Then he just got up and wandered off down the street continuing his afternoon stroll! No one ever did know who he was!


By: E.M. Carroll ~ Published June, 2005

Rev. George Washington Henderson (my great great grandfather) was born in St. Francois County, Missouri on 14 February 1840. His parents(who were also cousins) were Mary Ann Henderson and John Henderson, (Jr.) In 1863 George W. and his brother James purchased the property adjoining the land of their maternal grandfather James Henderson (Jr.) It also connected with the property that their father, John Henderson (Jr.), bought for them before he died. The Henderson properties were south of Doe Run in Pendleton Township: N1/2 of NW1/4 & SW1/4 of NW ľ SEC9 SE1/4 of SW1/4 of SEC4 160 acres SW1/4 of SEC 9 168 acres SE1/4 of SE1/4 of SEC8 40 acres SE1/4 of NW1/4 SEC 9 40 acres - all in T34N R5E. These properties covered part of what is now Raby Rd. – north and south of the road and at the west end of the road.

Circa 1864 James went to Illinois and George W. also moved away from St. Francois County. George W. came back to the area, however, as in 1876 he married Emaline Lawson (daughter of Lyda Cooksey and Robert Lawson) in St. Francois County. They became the parents of at least five children: James Washington, John Robert, William, George, and a female who died in infancy.

In 1880 Emaline and George are living in Pendleton Township with their children James and John and George's nephew, John, from Illinois was living with them. By 1900 it appears that they moved away from St. Francois County again. It is said that Rev. George Henderson established a church in Wayne County, Missouri. Rev. George W. Henderson died in 1919 at age 79. He is buried in Shook Cemetery, Lost Creek Township, Wayne County, Missouri. His wife Emaline died in Iron County in 1926 at age 75. She is buried next to her son, Rev. James Henderson in Big River Cemetery, Irondale, Washington County, Mo.

By: Esther M. Carroll

Mary Ann Henderson and John Henderson (Jr.) are the great great great grandparents of Esther M. Carroll. John and Mary Ann were cousins and were married in St. Francois County, Missouri in 1839. Mary Ann was the daughter of James Henderson, (Jr.), and her husband, John, (Jr.) was the son of John Henderson, (Sr.)  Mary Ann and John, (Jr.) resided next door to her parents. John Henderson, (Jr.,) died in 1847.  Before John died he purchased the property adjoining with that of his father-in-law, James Henderson, (Jr.,) and put it in the names of his children: George W., James M., and Elizabeth.  This indicates that John died before the birth of his fourth child, Almeda.  After John, (Jr.’s) death the children and their mother, Mary Ann, then resided with her parents Hopy & James Henderson, (Jr.)

Mary Ann remarried in 1851 to Robert M. Markham and moved to Carter County, Missouri.   It appears that her Henderson children remained with their grandparents in St. Francois Co. Mary Ann Henderson and Robert Markham had at least four children: Catherine, Jackson M., William J., and Lucinda. In 1870 Mary Ann and Robert are living in Green County, Arkansas with their four children and an orphan that they had taken in. Mary Ann and her husband are named as heirs in Mary Ann's father’s estate in that same year in St. Francois county. 

 At some point in his life William J. Markham went blind.  He married Emilie Ketcherside who had been born blind. In the 1920 census, Randolph Township, St. Francois County, Missouri, William and Emma Markham and their son, Frank, are living with James and Margie Martin. (James & Margie are the parents of Guy Martin who married Berdie Henderson.)  William Markham died in 1923 at age 67 and is buried in Doe Run Cemetery.

By: Esther M. Carroll

JOHN HENDERSON (Sr.) is the great great great great grandfather of Esther M. Carroll. He was the oldest son of Hannah Sollars and James Henderson (Sr.) of Greene County, Tennessee. John was 15 years old when his father was killed by Indians.

In 1802 John and his wife and three children settled on a tract of land in what would later become Jefferson County, Missouri. In 1810 John Henderson along with James & Samuel Henderson and other numerous early Missouri residents signed a petition to the Land Commissioners of Louisiana Territory [Missouri]. It states:

"The memorial of the undersigned inhabitants of the Territory of Louisiana respectfully sheweth …..making known to the government, the many defects existing in those laws and regulations, in regard to their land claims…….Hard is the fate of the claimant (and orphan children of those) who traversed a wilderness country to reach Louisiana [Missouri] for the express purpose of acquiring the means to benefit their families. Who from fear of the savage tomahawk, a want of prompt protection from the government, sickness and deaths in their families, and many other causes; were prevented (though actually settled in the territory) from placing themselves in safety, on the particular tracts allotted to them. Machanicks and others who lived in towns, useful indeed to the government, had no idea of forfeiting their right, for want of occupying the particular tracts conceded to them; of those discriptions are NOW to be rejected, under the 4th Sec. of the law of congress, passed the 3rd day of March 1807. For want of three years cultivation, such construction will operate in the opinion of your memorialists EX POST FACTO and impair the obligations of bona fide contracts made in good faith under the Spanish government……it was his residence that created his right and not cutting down trees or building up houses….Your memorialists…..most respectfully solicit your honorable Board and Agent to forward those memorials, to the secretary of the treasury, to be by him laid before congress, with such remarks accompanying the same as may seem to your honorable Board just and proper, in favour of all such species of claims, as in justice, good faith, and good policy ought to be confirmed."

In 1812 John Henderson received his settlement rights to 640 acres on Little Rock Creek, Jefferson County, Missouri. This land was in Range Five East, Township Forty Five North.

 In 1815 the John Henderson family was in either the state of Mississippi or Arkansas where his daughter Elizabeth was born. In 1821 the Henderson family was residing in Ouachita Parish, Louisiana. It was during this time that John sold two hundred acres of his land in Jefferson County, Missouri to Murray McConnel for $50.

By the 1830’s the Henderson family had returned to Missouri. In 1830 John Henderson is on a Jefferson County Missouri delinquent tax list for 100 acres of land. John was deceased by 1838 and his heirs became involved in a law suit with William Wright over the property on Little Rock Creek.

John Henderson Sr. was married to Elizabeth Wilson who was a daughter of Samuel Wilson. John and Elizabeth were the parents of the following children:

 James – deceased before 1838.

Sarah was married to a man by the last name of Chance and they had a daughter named Sarah.

Hannah was married to a man by the last name of Reeves. They had a son Samuel H. Reeves & another son named James M. Reeves.

Samuel W. was born 1808 in Missouri. He married Hannah Harris in Washington County, Missouri 10 Feb.1833. They went to Illinois in 1839 when the Mormons fled Missouri and resided at the town of Nauvoo, 1st Ward, Blk. 51. In early Mormon records of 1842 it lists three children for Hannah & Samuel: Sabilia, Rilia, Tobiatha. There was possibly a daughter named Amanda too. The following appeared in the Times & Seasons newspaper of Nauvoo: "Information Wanted: Hannah Henderson desires information from her husband Samuel W. Henderson, who left home (Nauvoo City) for the east last July, and not been heard of since." The Times & Seasons was printed 1839 - 1841. Samuel must have come back home for he died at Nauvoo in April 1843 of inflammatory fever and his wife Hannah died in May of the same year. Both are buried in the Old Nauvoo Burial Ground. In April of 1996 Gene and I visited the historic town of Nauvoo and stood on what used to be Samuel Henderson's property. We also visited the Old Nauvoo Burial Ground but there were very few tombstones left none of which were Hendersons.

John, Jr. was born in Missouri circa 1810. He married his cousin, Mary Ann Henderson in St. Francois County, Missouri in 1839. They resided next door to her parents Hopy and James Henderson. John and Mary Ann were the parents of four children: George Washington Henderson, James M., Elizabeth and Almeda.

Amariah K. was born 16 March 1812 in either Missouri, Tennessee or Louisiana. He married Amanda Tennison in Washington County, Missouri 7 July 1837. Amanda is said to be a relative of President John Adams. Amariah and Amanda became the parents of six children: Permelia who married Judge Allen Montgomery Goforth, Joseph, Preston B. who died in infancy, Haney or Hana, Lucy who died in infancy, and Mary. Amariah died in 1894 and is buried in Jane Bryan Cemetery near Belgrade in Washington County, Missouri. I recently visited the cemetery and photographed Amariah’s tombstone.


Elizabeth "Betsy" was born circa 1815 in either Arkansas or Mississippi. She married Jesse Hargrove in Washington County, Missouri on 14 June 1835. They first resided in Washington County then Kaolin Township in Iron County. Elizabeth died in Iron County, Missouri sometime between 1870 - 1876. Betsy & Jesse were the parents of ten children: Margaret E. who married Wm. Burnham; Amanda; Emily who married Samuel Smith; Eveline; George W. who married Missouri Jane Vest; Maria R.; Amariah (in court records it was also spelled Americus & Emory) who married Elizabeth Hartgrove; John L.; William L. who married Sarah Mayfield; and Ruth C.

To be continued……………….

By: Esther M. Carroll

SAMUEL HENDERSON is the great, great, great, great, great uncle of Esther M. Carroll and was born in Tennessee on 21 February 1785. He is the second son of Hannah Sollars and James Henderson, (Sr.) Samuel was eight years old when his father was killed by Indians.

In 1804 Samuel Henderson marries Mary Goforth in Greene County and had three children in Tennessee: James Goforth (who married Anna Harris), Elizabeth (who married John Goforth) & William. In 1810 Samuel and Mary relocated to Missouri and had nine more children: John (who married Elizabeth Jane Ohaver), Jane (who married Philip Ohaver Jr.), Sarah (married Isaac Allred), Minerva or Jemima, Rachel, Isabel, Samuel, Mary (married Isaac Allred), & George. Also in 1810 (as stated in a previous article) Samuel was a signer for a petition to the Land Commissioners of Louisiana Territory (Missouri).

During the War of 1812 Samuel served as a Private in Lt. Dodge’s command of Missouri Militia.

In Washington County, Missouri Samuel Henderson's name appears on the list of the first members of the Bellevue Presbyterian Church.  The first meeting took place 31 July 1816 and another meeting on the following Friday and the sacrament administered the Sabbath after.  "It was a solemn and delightful season to many.  A large audience attended & behaved with decency."

Samuel buys Lot #44 in Caledonia in the year 1819. His wife Mary Goforth died in the year 1825. In 1827 Samuel remarries to Elizabeth Harris and they moved to a large plantation southwest of Belgrade. Samuel and Elizabeth became the parents of nine children: Nancy, Abigail, Thomas, Hannah, Martin, Charlotte (who married Isaac M. Allred), Joseph, Hiram, Ira. This made Samuel the father of 21 children and later he also cared for numerous orphaned grandchildren.

In the 1830’s Samuel became a member of the new Mormon faith. He and his family went with "The Saints" when they were driven out of Missouri in 1839. In 1840 Samuel and family were residing in Nauvoo, Illinois on Block 51 Lot 4 next to Samuel W. Henderson who was a son of Samuel’s brother John Henderson Sr. Samuel became a High Priest of the Mormon Church in Nauvoo.

In April 1846 Samuel and wife Elizabeth of Nauvoo City,Illinois, sell property to William Aldridge of Washington County, Missouri: 190 acres 1/100 E1/2 of NW1/4 sec. 12 T35 R1E. 80 acres patent bearing date 4 Sept. 1821 also fractional section 1/4 of sec. 12 T35 R1E containing 113 acres 1/100 deeded by Wm. Wood & Betsy Wood bearing date 18 October 1828. Also fraction in west corner of tract confirmed to Joseph McMurtry containing 6 acres the same where the mills formerly stood & deeded to Henderson by Joseph & Mary McMurtry 18 October 1828.

In the winter of 1846 the citizens of Illinois drove the Mormons out of Nauvoo. Samuel Sr. was among the last to leave being driven at cannon point out of the city with those too poor to leave earlier over the frozen Mississippi River.  These people were elderly, sick and destitute. These last exiles crossed the river and traveled a few miles through Iowa, stopping at what is called the "Poor Camp". And that is where "The Miracle of the Quail" occurred. This is an incident where the starving Saints were miraculously provided food by large quantities of quail flying into camp. It is said that one of the quail fell right into Elizabeth Henderson's lap.

The Hendersons stopped at Mt. Pisgah in Indian Territory and stayed for two years. They then moved to Council Bluffs wintered there and moved West in the spring settling first in Kaysville, Utah then moved south to Salt Lake City where Samuel Henderson Sr. died in 1856 at age 71. He is buried in Salt Lake City Cemetery.

One of Samuel Sr.’s orphaned grandsons went with Elizabeth & George Gates. Mrs. Gates had no children & she favored Samuel N. Henderson so Samuel Sr. let her take him to raise. He was eight years old. On the trip from Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah Samuel N. walked most of the way & drove loose cattle. He was barefooted & his feet got all full of prickly pears. Samuel N. Henderson’s name is on the Brigham Young Monument at Salt Lake City and also on the plaque in the state capitol as being one of the 1847 pioneers. Samuel Goforth Henderson and William Jasper Henderson are listed on The Son’s of Utah Pioneers Memorial Index.

To be continued………………

By: Esther M. Carroll

JENNSY HENDERSON OHAVER is the great, great, great, great, great aunt of Esther M. Carroll and was the daughter of Hannah Sollars and James Henderson, (Sr.)  Her father was killed by Indians in Tennessee. In court records her name has various spellings : Jane/Jean/Jenny/Jinny/Jensy. She married Phillip Ohaver (sometimes spelled Oharver) in Greene County Tennessee 2 April 1800.  She is named in Greene County deeds as being an heir & daughter of James Henderson: "……..a certain piece of land lying in Greene county on the south side of Nolachuckey River ……….formerly the property of James Henderson deceased, ……..was the part of Jean Henderson since Ohaver which she was heir to of her father James Henderson's land."

The Phillip Ohaver family migrated to Missouri. Among the first land entries recorded in Washington County and Jefferson County in 1821 was Philip O’Harver in Township 39 R3E Sec. 4. A small part of section four is in Washington County. The majority of it is in Big River Township Jefferson County, Missouri. In the 1830 census for Jefferson County there was living in the Ohaver household: one male 15 – 20 years of age; three males 20 – 30 years of age; one male 50 – 60 years of age; two females 5 –10 years of age and one female 30 – 40 years of age. Ancestry.com lists the following for Phillip Ohaver’s children:

Phillip married Jane Henderson daughter of Mary Goforth & Samuel Henderson Sr.

James who married Elizabeth Phillips.

Hannah married Robert Ferguson.|

Mary who married Phillip Lemuel Cummings.

Sarah married William Stafford.

Elizabeth Jane who married John V. Henderson who was a son of Mary Goforth & Samuel Henderson Sr.

Francis married Sarah Jane Garvin.

Nancy who married Mr. Gipson.

Margaret Ann married Thomas Jefferson Graham.

Philip Ohaver died sometime before 1839. A Jefferson County court record states: 1834 – 1839, Pg. 275 - "OHaver, Philip. - Annual settlement Thomas Graham Adm. Of the estate of P. Ohaver…….." Subsequent deed records lists Phillips property as such: E1/2 of SW1/4 SEC 4 T39 R3E on Big River; NW1/4 of SE1/4 & NW1/4 of SW1/4 E1/2 of SW1/4 SEC 4 T39 R3E 160 acres. In 1853 Rosanna Ohaver sold the property to William Stafford for $800.

There is only one Ohaver listed in the 1840 Missouri Census Index however in the 1850 census there are numerous Ohavers residing in Missouri in Crawford, Miller, Benton counties and Rosanna D. Ohaver is living with the William Stafford family in Jefferson County, Missouri.

To be continued……………….

By: Esther M. Carroll

JAMES HENDERSON, (JR.), is the great, great, great, great grandfather of Esther M. Carroll. He was born in 1791 and was the youngest son of Hannah Sollars and James Henderson of Greene County, Tennessee. James was only two years old when his father was killed by Indians. Six years later in 1799 his mother, Hannah, married James Tallant and the family migrated to Missouri.

By 1807 James Henderson was residing in the Ste. Genevieve District of Missouri. He was a signer of a petition to the Land Commissioner of Louisiana Territory which was dated 1810 (see previous articles). In 1814 James Henderson signs a petition for a road along with Willam, James, John, David, Dubart, Richard and William Murphy, Samuel Rhodes, Isaac Cunningham, Thomas Martin, James Tallant, and several others.

In the War of 1812 James Henderson served as a private under Col. Stephen Byrd and Capt. McCullock’s command of Mounted Illinois and Missouri Militia from 31 July 1815 to 1 October 1815. James Henderson was drafted at Washington County, Missouri. The company was raised for the purpose of protecting the inhabitants from the hostilities of the Indians. He continued in actual service for the term of sixty days and was honorably discharged at St. Louis on or about 15th day of October 1815.

In 1817 James Henderson signed a petition along with James Menard, Hughes Kennon and others to construct a road leading from the county road to St. Mary's Landing. Also in the same year James Henderson signed a petition for construction of a road beginning at the James Bryan plantation on Flat River and intersecting with the road from Mine A Breton in Washington County to Jackson in Cape Girardeau County.

In 1818 a court record states: "Territory of Missouri County of Ste. Genevieve – I William Shaw A justice of the peace in and for the County aforesaid do hereby certify that the sum of two dollars is due to James Henderson as premium for his killing of one wolf and the treasurer of the county is hereby directed to pay the sum to James Henderson as bearer given under my hand this 28 October 1818 – William Shaw J.P." Also in1818 James Henderson purchases a kettle for $2.00 and Adams Henderson buys an ax for $2.62 from the estate of Robt. Grooms.

James Henderson married circa 1819 to Hopy whose maiden name may have been Alexander. She was born in 1800 – 1804 in either N. or S. Carolina. In May of the following year James Henderson and James Tallant appraised a stray horse which had been taken up by Isaac Cunningham

Deed records show where in 1824 James Tallant gave his 91 arpents of property that he purchased from Joseph Murphy to his step-son, James Henderson,Jr., in return for Henderson taking care of Tallant and his horse in his old age. For whatever reason the arrangement between James Henderson,Jr., and James Tallant apparently did not work out for a year later Henderson agrees to purchase the property from Tallant over a three year period and Tallant left and went to Alabama. In 1830 James Henderson,Jr., was living on this property which was next door to Joseph Murphy. James Henderson later moved to Pendleton Township and resided on property that was on the west end of what is now Raby Rd. (see previous articles).

James Henderson died sometime between 1863 and 1870 and his wife,Hopy Henderson, lived with her children. In 1870 she is living with her son Corbin in Cane Creek Township, Butler County, Missouri and in 1880 she is living with her daughter, Jane Graham, in St. Francois County, Missouri.

Children of Hopy & James Henderson:

Jane - born 1820 in Missouri. She first married Wm. S. Brimm in 1846 in St. Francois County, Missouri, then later a Mr. Graham.

Mary Ann - Born 1821 in Missouri. She first married her cousin John Henderson,Jr., in 1839 in St. Francois County, Missouri. After his death in 1847 she remarried to Robt. M. Markham in 1851. They moved to Carter County, Missouri then later went to Green County, Arkansas.

Samuel S. - Born in 1828 in Missouri. Was in Jackson County, Oregon in 1863. Went to Del Norte, California where he married Arabella McDonald. In 1880 they had three children in their household: Elizabeth, ?Levinia?, Benjamin.

Corbin - Born 1831 in Missouri. Was first married to Elizabeth Michael in St. Francois County in 1851 then later was married to Emma Martin. In 1870 Corbin & Elizabeth are listed with the following children: Sarah J., Mary, John H., & Martha.

Nancy Telithy - Born 1834 in Missouri. Married James Mitchel 1853 St. Francois County, Missouri.

Eleanor - Born 1837 in Missouri.  Married Henderson "Henry" Strickland 7 May 1854 in St. Francois County, Missouri. In the 1860 census they are listed with three children: Mary A., Ann, & Andrew.

To be continued…………………

By: Esther M. Carroll

HANNAH SOLLARS HENDERSON TALLENT is the great, great, great, great, great grandmother of Esther M. Carroll. Hannah was first married to James Henderson and in 1787 they settled in what would later become Greene County, Tennessee. They were the parents of three sons: John, Samuel, James (Jr.); and two daughters: Jenny and Nancy. Hannah’s husband James Henderson was killed by Indians in 1793. In 1795 Hannah has a child out of wedlock and the Greene County Court orders William Love, the reputed father, to pay support to Hannah for this child. It is believed that the child’s name was Ellen.

In 1799 Hannah, still in Tennessee, marries James Tallant and the couple migrates to Missouri first settling in St. Louis. In 1805 James Tallant signed petition from St. Louis to President Thomas Jefferson along with 88 others (one petitioner was John Henderson) asking that Gen. Washington Johnston be appointed Recorder of Land Titles in the District of Louisiana [Missouri].  Also in 1805 James Tallant signs a memorial from St. Louis to the president supporting Gov. Wilkinson. James Tallant and John Henderson's names appear together as signers.

By 1807 Hannah and James Tallant were residing in the Ste. Genevieve District in what would later become St. Francois County, Missouri. This same year James Tallant serves as appraisor of Sarah Murphy’s estate.

In 1809 "Mr. Tallant and Hannah Tallant his wife" are summoned to appear before the court in the town of Ste. Genevieve in the case of the United States vs. David Murphy & others. The next year James and Hannah Tallant are summoned to appear before the court at Ste. Genevieve again "with all excuses & delays set aside" in the case of the United States vs. David Murphy & others. Also the same year the presiding judge of the District Court of Ste.Genevieve issues a summons to the sheriff for Tallant and his man, Jones, to testify in a trial concerning the circumstances of the death of Laurence Gibbon. In 1811 James Tallant signs a recommendation to President James Madison of Richard S. Thomas as Judge.

James Tallent served in the War of 1812 from Missouri (Col. McNair's Mounted Reg't. of Missouri and Illinois) along with Joseph Henderson, Aaron, David, & Joseph Murphy.

The Hannah Sollars Henderson Tallent family had close connections to the Murphy family who were very prominent people in the early history of Farmington. In 1799 Joseph Murphy acquired a grant for 550 arpents of land. This property now covers a good portion of modern day Farmington. It includes the northwest entrance from Highway 67 to east of the highway and taking in part of Maple Valley Shopping Center. It extends to north and east of Mineral Area Regional Medical Center and encompasses the Hunt Cemetery, Marie Roberts Memorial Cemetery and the northeast section of Parkview Cemetery & still continues north & east for some distance. In 1814 James Tallant purchased 91 arpents of this grant land from Joseph Murphy. This land was on Wolf Creek.

Also in 1814 James Tallent signs a petition for a road along with Willam, James, John, David, Dubart, Richard and William Murphy, Nat Cook, Benjamin Burnham, Laken Walker, Samuel Rhodes, Wm. Sims, John Harlow, Charles ?Hunt?, John Burnham, Isaac Cunningham, Thomas Martin, James Henderson, William Cunningham, & several others whose names were illegible.

1816 - Quarter sessions fee for James and Hannah Talent. This indicates that Hannah Henderson Tallant was not yet deceased. However in 1824 James Tallant gave his 91 arpents of land to his step-son, James Henderson, in return for Henderson taking care of Tallant and his horse in his old age. There was no mention of Hannah in this document indicating that she was most likely deceased. For whatever reason the arrangement between James Tallant & James Henderson,Jr., did not work out for a year later Henderson agrees to purchase the property from Tallant over a three year period and Tallant left and went to Alabama.

To be continued…………….


By: Esther M. Carroll

JAMES HENDERSON, (Sr.), is the great, great, great, great, great grandfather of Esther M. Carroll. He was married to Hannah Sollars. In 1787 James acquired a North Carolina land grant of 200 acres for which he paid 20 pounds and he and his family settled in the foothills of the Great Smokey Mountains in Greene County in what would later become the state of Tennessee. This home was on the south side of the Nolachucky River. Other Henderson families also settled in the area. In Greene County there was a Henderson's Station, Henderson's Depot, and Henderson's Ford. The famous frontiersman, Davy Crockett, was born in the same county in 1786 so it is quite possible that the Henderson family was acquainted with the Crockett family.

All through 1793 the Cherokee Indians committed many depredations in the valley. Here is one particularly gruesome incident "……a party of Indians went to Cloyd's plantation, on the south side of Nolichucky river, about eleven miles from Greene court-house, killed two children, and wounded a third, whose recovery is doubtful. They also carried off the wife of Mr. Cloyd about half a mile, where they put her to death, with the tomahawk, stripped her, ripped open her bowels, and otherwise mangled her in a manner too shocking to relate." A newspaper article states, "A number of the inhabaitants, alarmed by these enormities, assembled together to consult for their common safety, to console with each other on their sufferings, and to lament the too long neglect of succour from the general government of the United States; when they concluded to follow the trail of these daring barbarians." The settlers of the area organized a company of 180 mounted men. They rode with Col. George Doherty in response to depredations of the Indians against the local settlers. It was during this expedition that James Henderson was mortally wounded by Indians. He was placed on a "bier", and taken home where he later died. The following account was in the Knoxille Gazette:

"Knoxville. Tues. August 27, 1793……. a volunteer company consisting of one hundred and eighty men……. under the command of Col. George Doherty assembled at Gambles Station, on Little River, for the purpose of marching into the Cherokee towns, and on the same day crossed the Tennessee. The next day they marched to Big Tellico where they killed two fellows and a squaw and took one squaw prisoner. On Tuesday they crossed the mountain to Tynoita, a town on the Highwassee River, wounded one fellow and a squaw, took nine prisoners, burnt the town and destroyed a large quantity of growing corn. After interrogating a prisoner, the company proceeded to the Big Valley Town, putting several small villages on their march, which they burnt and destroyed the growing corn. On Wednesday morning the Indians fired on a party of white men in view of their camp and wounded Aremould Lackey. The same day a party of forty spotted themselves in the gap of a mountain where the white men had to pass, and on their approach fired on them, the white men returned the fire, killed three Indians, wounded several, and put them to flight. The next day the Indians fired on their rear, and wounded one man. The same day the Company took six prisoners at a village gathering provisions, and towards the close of the day they killed four fellows and a squaw, and wounded several others. On Saturday morning, the 10th [of August] (before day) a party of Indians fired on the white men in their encampment and wounded JAMES HENDERSON, Nicholas Davis and John Frame. On Monday the 12th instant [of August], the volunteers returned to their settlements, by way of Big Pigeon in Jefferson County……."

In his will dated 15 August 1793 James Henderson states, "…..I give and bequeath to my beloved son John a brown mare and colt, my saddle and gun." The rest of his property is divided equally between his wife and children. Hannah and James had three sons: John born circa 1778 (my great great great great grandfather); Samuel born 1785; James Jr. born 1791 (also my great great great great grandfather); and two daughters Jenny and Nancy. In 1799, Hannah Henderson marries James Tallant and the Henderson/Tallant families migrate to Missouri. Hannah’s and James Henderson’s children settle in neighboring counties: John and his sister Jenny Ohaver in Jefferson County, Samuel in Washington County and James in St. Francois County. Many of their descendants still reside in these counties today.

To be continued……………..

By: Esther M. Carroll

RACHEL HENDERSON MURPHY is a collateral ancestor of Esther M. Carroll. Rachel Henderson was born in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia 15 November 1764. In 1782 in Greene County, Tennessee Rachel married William Murphy, Jr. In the year 1798 William Murphy, Jr. came to Ste. Genevieve, Missouri along with his father Rev. William Murphy, Sr., and a friend Silas George. The men acquired Spanish grants in the area that would later become Farmington. They then returned to Tennessee but Rev. William Murphy, Sr. and Silas George died along the way. Later, William Murphy Jr. and other Murphy family members came to Missouri and settled in what is now Farmington.

In 1801 David Murphy, (another son of Rev. William Murphy) cut the first tree that was felled in what was known as "The Murphy Settlement" and later as Farmington. In 1802 David Murphy was joined by his brothers Joseph, William and Richard. In 1804 Rev. William Murphy’s widow Sarah Murphy along with her children, a grandson and a negro woman arrived by keelboat at Ste. Genevieve.

Rachel Henderson and William Murphy, Jr. became the parents of 14 children: John, Mary, Martha, Elizabeth, William, Delilah, James, Kettura, Francis, Sarah, David, Henderson, Dubart, and Martha. Their son, David, born in 1802, was the first child born in the "Murphy Settlement".

The Murphy family is quite prominent in the early history of Farmington. Rachel’s step-mother-in-law was Sarah Barton Murphy who in 1805 organized and taught the first Sunday School west of the Mississippi River. In 1821 Rachel Henderson Murphy’s brother-in-law, David Murphy donated 52 acres of land upon which Farmington, the county seat of St. Francois County, was established.

William Murphy, Jr. being a Revolutionary War Veteran received a pension on an application dated May, 1833. He died November 2, 1833, and his widow, Rachel Henderson Murphy, received her husband’s pension on an application dated 1842. Rachel Henderson Murphy died March 26, 1844. Both Rachel and William are buried in the small Murphy Family Cemetery on the land that they owned two miles south of Farmington on what is now called Fredericktown Ave.

In 1855 David H. Murphy was the curator for George W., James M., Elizabeth and Almeda Henderson the minor heirs of John Henderson dec’d. David H. Murphy died in 1865 and his wife Rachel became the administrix of his estate. In the estate papers it mentions Henderson Murphy, James Henderson, Almeda Henderson, Corbin Henderson and the heirs of John Henderson dec’d.

To be continued………………

By: Esther M. Carroll

THE HENDERSONS OF SCOTLAND ~ It is said that my Henderson line originated in Scotland - a romantic time of chivalry, knights in shining armor and medieval castles in the misty heathered glens and snow capped highlands of Scotland.   My United States Hendersons are said to be descended from Clan Gunn whose antecedents were norse and viking invaders who intermarried with the ancient Picts who were the first people to settle in Scotland more than 6,000 years ago.

It was Scotland that developed the unique system of clans.   Every sept (family) of a clan was descended from the original clan chief.  Clan Gunn is the oldest of the great clans of Scotland. The forefather of Clan Gunn was a Norse Acadian ancestor in the 1100's called Gunnee.  George Gunn was the originator of the clan in the 15th century.  The Gunns were a warlike clan but were not given to acts of atrocity common to other clans. There are thirty surnames associated with Clan Gunn: Johnson, Robinson, Neilson, Enric, HENDERSON, Jamieson, McComs, Galdie, James, Main, McCulley, Ganson, Gaunson, McGuillie, MacKeamish, MacManus, Mann, Swan, Will, Wilson, Gerogeson, Inrig, Maccorckle, MacKames, Nelson, Sandison, Swanson, Wylie. Anyone with any of these surnames is entitled to consider themself a part of the great Clan Gunn.


The territory of Clan Gunn was in Caithness. There was once a Castle Gunn which was the home of the chiefs of Clan Gunn.  It even had a drawbridge to protect from enemy attacks.  Unfortunately Castle Gunn no longer exists having been eroded away by the sea. However, along with this article is a picture of the Clan Gunn Heritage Center and Museum in Scotland which is the archives for Clan Gunn History. Also The Heritage Corporation of Dublin, Ireland produces an excellent one hour video of the history of the Hendersons of Scotland including Clan Gunn: 1-800-338-2546.


The Latter Day Saints Ancestral File available at many public libraries has the Henderson line going back to the 1300's in Scotland. There is a Sir John Henderson and also in another branch of the Henderson line there was James Balfour - Laird of Pittendrech, Capt. Henry Balfour, Sir Knight Michael Balfour, Sir Andrew Balfour, Margaret Lundin - Baroness Balfour, and David Barclay - Baron of Colairnie.

This concludes the Henderson History of Southeast Missouri series. For more information on Washington County / Southeast Missouri genealogy and history and more please visit: http://carrollscorner.net/

Sources/references for these articles are: Deeds; Marriages; Probate; Baptismal Records; Census; Newspapers; Church Records; Cemetery Records; Tombstones; Ste. Genevieve Archives; Henderson Memoirs; Our Mayflower Ancestors; Goodspeed’s History of Franklin, Jefferson, Washington, Crawford, Gasconade Counties, Missouri; Goodspeed’s History of Southeast Missouri; History of Bellevue Valley; St. Francois County MoGenWeb; Jefferson County GenWeb; History of Rev. William Murphy and Descendants; Latter Day Saints Ancestral File; Ancestry.com; Deposition of James Henderson; Missouri Miscellaney; Farmington Public Library; DeSoto Public Library; Ste. Genevieve Library; Western Historical Manuscripts Collection – University of Missouri-Columbia; Nauvoo Restoration & Visitor’s Center; Alexandria, Louisana Historical and Genealogical Library; Bounty Land Files; Autobiography of Samuel Newton Henderson; Latter-Day Saints Biographical Encyclopedia; Scone's "Scottish and Celtic Internet Book"; Clan Gunn Society of North America; Berdie Henderson Martin, Rand Henderson, Dewey Henderson, Eugene Henderson, F. Robert Henderson, John Nash, LaRae Rahm, Beth Wilson, Mike Ohaver, Tom Spinali, Linn Johnson, Mike Johnson, Jocelyn Faux; Lou Ann Blakely; Mac Elliott; B. Arnold;


The Story Tellers.…….We are the chosen.
My feelings are in each family there is one who seems called to find the ancestors. To put flesh on their bones and make them live again, to tell the family story and to feel that somehow they know and approve. To me, doing genealogy is not a cold gathering of facts but, instead, breathing life into all who have gone before. We are the story tellers of the tribe. We have been called as it were by our genes. Those who have gone before cry out to us: Tell our story. So, we do. In finding them, we somehow find ourselves. How many graves have I stood before now and cried? I have lost count. How many times have I walked up to a grave and felt somehow there was love there for me? I cannot say. It goes beyond just documenting facts. It goes to who I am and why I do the things I do. It goes to seeing a cemetery about to be lost forever to weeds and indifference and saying I can't let this happen. It goes to doing something about it. It goes to pride in what our ancestors were able to accomplish. How they contributed to what we are today. It goes to respecting their hardships and losses, their never giving in or giving up, their resoluteness to go on and build a life for their family. It goes to deep pride that they fought to make and keep us a Nation. It goes to a deep and immense understanding that they were doing it for us. That we might be born who we are. That we might remember them. So we do. With love and caring and scribing each fact of their existence, because we are them and they are us. So, as a scribe called, I tell the story of my family. It is up to that one called in the next generation to answer the call and take their place in the long line of family storytellers. That is why I do my family genealogy.

(Author Unknown)