Rebecca Huitt Carlin.JPG (4966 bytes)

Descendants of

Sixth 1st Lady of Illinois     1838 - 1842

By: William D. Huitt

1. REBECCA8 HUITT (JOHN WILKINSON SR.HEWITT/7, WILLIAM SR.6 HEWITT, THOMAS5, JOSEPH4 HUIT, RANDALL JR.3, RANDALL SR.2, HEWITT1) was born August 27, 1799 in Franklin County Georgia, and died September 05, 1865 in Greene County Illinois. She married THOMAS CARLIN December 13, 1814 in Edwardsville Jct. Madison County Illinois, son of THOMAS CARLIN and ELIZABETH EVANS. He was born 1789 in Shelbyville Kentucky, and died February 14, 1852 in Carrollton Greene County Illinois.


Rebecca Huitt Married Thomas Carlin 1814, Edwardsville Jct. Madison Co. Illinois
Thomas Carlin Born 1786 Shelbyville, Kentucky and he was pioneer in Greene County Illinois with his brothers James and William Carlin 1814.

Thomas owned a ferry crossing the Mississippi Near current Edwadsville Jct.
While there, married Rebecca Huitt D/o John Wilkinson Huitt Sr. and Elizabeth Radcliff.

Thomas became 6th governor of Illinois 1838-1842 and earlier was sheriff and state senator:

Source: Carrollton Illinois area history, 1821-1989, LDS-Salt Lake City.

Same information found in the Patriot Souvenir Edition of the 75th Anniversary of Carrollton and Greene County and in the Carrollton Illinois area 1821-1989 by: Ada Eileen Smith Cummingham.   project director: ISBN 0-88107-1150-1

Box 4 File 5

Hugh Carlin (larceny) Peck of Indian Corn meal
Rebecca Carlin assualt and battery 1827

Rebecca's picture is on the wall of the State Capitol.

Rebecca and Thomas had 13 children.

Up date on Rebecca Huitt Carlin Children
Febuary 14, 2001

Charles E. Carlin
17750 Waxwing Lane
South Bend, Indiana 46635
Check the web pages
the web pages was updated April 2001

by Fred Carlin

Letter to Fred Carlin April 25 2001
from William D. Huitt

I was looking over the first ladies of Illinois page.  It list Rebecca Huitt Carlin as the 7th 1st lady of Illinois  I pulled the file on Thomas and Rebecca[Huitt] Carlin.  I have recived information from Greene County Hist. Soc. and Illinois Stat Lib. some of the Information list Carlin as the 6th and some list him as the 7th Gove. of Illinois. 

From the book Governors of Illinois page 135 Thomas Carlin   It list him as the sixth Governor of Illinois, From the Mostly Good and Gompetent Men page 71-76 it list Thomas Carlin (1786-1852) Democrat Seventh Governor serving Dec,8, 1838 to Dec. 8m 1842

History of Greene County
PAge 567-1026 Cover the Huitt's and Carlin family on page 667 it states :The 6th general assemby was convende at Vandalia, Dec. 1, 1828 and Adjourned Jan. 23, 1829 Hon. Thomas Carlin still occupied a distiguished place in the senate from the senatorial district embracing Greene and Calhound Counties."

From the Patriot Souvenir Edition 1896 it list Thomas Carlin as the sixth Governor of Illinois and it has photo full view of the monument Greene County court house yard, Carrollton Illinois,. of Thomas Carlin.

Here we have info from two sources, each stating that Thomas as the 6th and 7th Gove.  

If you look  into this let me know what you find out.  Carlin must have been the 7th Gove. with Rebecca being listed as the th 1st lady.

Thank you



Rreply from Fred Carlin

Wed 25 April 2001

Hi, William . Yes, thomas Carlin was technically the 7th Governor of Illinos, serving from 1828 to 1842. and, similarly, Rebecca Huitt Carlin was the 7th first lady.  

In 1834, one person served as governor of Illinois.  [William Lee Davidson Ewing] He was succeeded by the 6th governor, who served from Dec. 1834 to Dec 1838,, Joseph Duncan 6th gov. was succeeded by Thomas Carlin,, the 7th Governor. 

However, many Illinois historians don't include William Lee Davidson Ewing the "Fifth" person to hold the title of governor, in the list of governors, since he served only a few months. And some historians do include that person in the list. 

Even within the Illinois State Historical Library, references are made to Thomas Carlin as the 6th and as the 7th governor.  Way back when, I listed Thomas Carlin as the 7th gov.

This quasi-error was brought to my attention by a librarian with the Ill. State Hist. Library, who said that Mr. Carlin was generally considered the 6th governor. 

Whichever way we list Rebecca and Thomas, someone will say we're wrong.  I don't happen to have any personal views on this, although if I had to choose, I'd go with "7th governor" and "7th first lady". But the majority of Ill. historians seem to call Thomas the 6th governor, and that's the way the Hist. Lib.said we should do it, so I think that's the way we should continue. 

The Greene County Genealogical soc., in its application to the state of Illinois for a historical marker commemorating Gov. and Mrs Carlin, refered to him as the 6th governor. 

This all proves that historians are always accurate, regardless of their particular point of view. <G>



Fact 1: 1814, Married in Fayette County Kentucky
Fact 3: 1860, Census Aage 59 Real $2800 Person $240



Thomas Carlin, the founder of Carrollton Illinois, county seat Greene, Was born near Shelbyville, Kentucky in 1786. In 1803 the family moved to Missouri where his father died.

Thomas Carlin served as a ranger during the War of 1812.

In 1814 he owned a ferry crossing the Mississippi near the present site of Edwardsville Junction with his brother James and William Carlin 1814 .

While living there he married Miss Rebecca Huitt, (sister of John Wilkinson Huitt) in 1818.

He was first sheriff of the county his commission dated dated April 14, 1821.

He served as state senator in fourth and fifth general assemblies (1824 - 1828)

In the Black Hawk was he commanded a spy battalion.

He was elected the sixth governor of Illinois in 1838 serving until 1842.    When he returned to Carrollton,  he was elected to the legislature in 1849.


Deseret News Archives Saturday, June 25, 1994
Nauvoo, A Brief Haven of Peace

Dec. 16, 1840, Illinois Gove. Thomas Carlin signs a bill incorporating Nauvoo a city.  The city Charter allows for establishment of a university and the Nauvoo Legion.


Source: Carrollton, Illinois Area History, 1821-1989, LDS-Salt Lake City.

Carlin, who had joined in a Bipartisan welcome to Mormon refugees from Missouri, routinely signed the charter that gave almost unlimited local governmental powers to Joseph Smith and his associates at Nauvoo.  Later, he approved Missouri warrants for the extradition of Smith as a fugitive from justice. Smith who did not suspect that trouble was ahead, was arrested a few hours after he had been treated with respect when he called at the governor's home.

After Smith's revelation fricition one again developed between the Saints (Mormons) and Gentiles(non Mormons) . In 1844 Joseph Smith and his brothers Hyrum were shot by a mob in Carthage, Illinois.  Persecution was renewed and conditions in Nauvoo grew steadily unsettled.


Carlin was a baptist, converted in 1822 in his Carrollton home during services conducted by John Mason Peck, the frontier missionary. When halfway through his term of office, Carlin was quoted by Peck as saying that "no man can be a partisan politician and maintain a Christian character."


Biographical Sketch of Thomas Carlin

Text from Haynes, Nathaniel S.
History of the Disciples of Christ in Illinois 1818-1914
Cincinnati: Standard Publishing Company, 1915. Page 495.

Born: Near Frankfort, Kentucky, 1789.

Died: Illinois, 1852

Land Owen by T. J. Carlin Northwest Cor. section 24 Township 11 No Range

Came to Illinois in 1812, settling near Carrollton. He was twice elected to the State Senate.

Commanded a battalion in the Black Hawk War. Was elected governor to the State in 1848, serving four years. Historians say he was one of the best Governors the State ever had.

Mr. Carlin was a member of the church of Christ in Quincy.

John Wilkinson Huitt Jr. Company of Captain Thomas Carlin

Muster Roll of Capt. Carlins Company of the Odd Battalion of Speis Commanded by Major. James D. Henry of the brigade of mounted volunteers of Ills. commanded by Brige. Genl. Whiteside

mustered out of Service of the United States of America at the Mouth of Fox River of the Illinois River in the 28th. day of may 1832. distant 230 miles from the place of enrollment.

Enrollment Remarks

No. Names Rank where


1. Thomas Carlin Capt. Carrollton

2. Jesse V. Mounts 1st, Lt. "

3. George D. Samms 2d Lt "

4. Mearel rattan 1st Sert. " Appointed Sergent Major

April 28th, 1932

5. David Thruston 2d " "

6. James Gilliland 3d " " Attached to Capt. Chapmans

Company about April 28 1832

7. Harrison Boggus 4th " " Lost his horse by an affright

of the horse on the night of

the 22d may 1832

8. Lewis B. Edwards 1st Corp. "

9. Josiah Ashlock 2d " "

10. William Cook 3d " "

11. William Finley 4th " "

12. Willaim H. Dulane[y] Private " Appointed Surgeon of the 2d

Rigt. April 30, 1832

13. William Hoskins " "

14. William Pinkerton " "

15. William Danning " "

16. William Gilliland " " Attached to Capt. Chapman's

Company 28th April 1832

17. William Whiteside " "

18. John F. Pinkerton " "

19. John C. Williams " " Never appeared after enrollment.

20. John Jackson " "

21. John B. Whiteside " "

22. Joshua Abner " "

23. James Short

24. Joseph Linder " "

25. John Courtney " "

26. John Cook " "

27. Jonathan Hill " "

28. John Hewitt Jr. " "

29. James Carlin " "

30. Jomes Moore " "

31. Larkin Rattan " "

32. Elan Elder " " Appointed first Sergeant Apr.

28th. 1832

33. John Ashlock " "

34. Edwards Crabb " "

35. Howell Dawdy " "

36. Silas Eldred " "

37. Silas Crane " "

38. Samuel Hess " " Lost his horse on the night of

the 16th. may after a forced march

from Sickamore Cr. to Dizons ferry

39. George Linder " "

40. Philemon Reno " "

41. Preston Bogus " "

42. Reuben Herrick " "

43. Robert King " "

44. Robert[Tolbert]Edwards " "

45. Thomas Hopper " "

46. Valentine A. Gibbs " "

47. Zariah Finley " "

48. Henry B. Pinkerton " "

49. David Moore " "

50. Starlin Thackston " "

51. Joseph Woodson " " Appointed Surgeon to Spy Battn.

April 26yj 1832

52. John W. Scott " " Detailed on express 21st. April and

Rejoined Compay 15th May 1832

53. Thomas D. Scott " "

54. Roswell H. Spencer " "

55. Luther Tunnell " " Lost his horse night of 22d. may by an

affright of the Horses in the night.

56. William Tunnell " " Lost his hors by the same

57. John Reddish " "


I certify on honour that this muster Roll exhibits the true State of Capt. Thomas Carlins Company of Mounted Volunteers of Illinois
Militia on this day and that the remarks set opposite their respective names are accurate & just.

Signed at the mouth of Fox River of the Ills. River the 28th day of May 1832.

Thomas Carlin capt. Co. Mounted Volunteers.


CC, IHi: Stevens Coll, the entire roll is in the handwriting of James Semple.   Columns 4,6,7,and 8 are omitted. Columns 4 and 6 state
that the company was enrolled on April 20 by Captain Carlin. The seventh, period of enrollment, is blank. In the eighth column all those present at the muster-out are listed.   The only absentees were nos. 4, Mearel E. Rattan; 6 James Gilliland; 12, Williiam H. Dulaney; 16' William Gilliland; and 19, John C. Williams. Joseph Woodson, no.51 who was appointed to the battalion staff, is listed as present with the company at the muster-out.

IHi has three other rosters of this company.  The official mustering-out roll in DNA(Photsat in IHi) was signed by "the Carlin" and has
the Nathaniel Buckmaster certificate of service in the handwriting of David Prickett.   The DNA roll gives different dates and places of
enrollment for four men; 51, Joseph Woodson enrolled at Bearstown on April 26; 54 Roswell H Spencer, enrolled at Rock Island on May 8: and 55 And 56 Luther and Willaim Tunnell, enrolled at Rock Island on May 10.

The Following variations in names are given in the DNA; 4, Mearol E. Rattan; 5,   David Thurston; 7, Harison Boggess; 12, William H Dulany; 28, John Huitt jnr.; 39, George Linder; 40, Phillamon Reno; 41 Preston bogus; 42, Rheubin Herrick;  44, Talbert Edwards; 47, Zuriah Finley; 55, Luther Tunnell; 56, Eilliam Tunnell.

The property roll gives Elen[Elon]Eldred, No 32 above as 1st sergeant and Preston Bogus[Boggess]. no. 41 as 3d sergeant.  Names spelled differently on the property roll, in addition to Elen Eldred. are Nos. 3, David Thurston; 6, James Gilleland; 7, Harrison Bogus; 8, Lewis D. Edwards;  12; William H. Dulaney; 13, William Hauskins; 14, William Pinkerton; 15, Williamson Baning; 16, Wm. Gilleland; 18, John F. Pinkerton; 28 John Huitt; 313, Larkin Rattin;  35, Howel Dody; 39, Geore Linder;40, Philemon Reno; 44, Tolbert Edwards; 47, Henry B. Pinkerton; 50, Sterling Thaxton; 57. John Reddisk.

A mustering-in roll, signed by John H.Hardin at Beardstown on April 28, 1832, is also in IHi. This roll does not list either Spencer of the Tunnells, Nos.54-56 above.

The only remark on the roll follows the name of John W. Scott, No 52; "detached on express by the commander in chief April 21st. 1832 and rejoined the company May the 18th 1832." Names Variations: 2. Jesse V Mount; 4, M.E. Rattan; 5, David Thurston: 7, Harrison Boggess; 9, Josiah Ashole; 11, William Findley; 12, Wm. H. Dulany; 17, Wm. H. Whitesides; 21, John B. Whitesides; 28 John Huitt Junr.;  32 Elon Eldred; 37, Silas Crain; 39, George Linder; 40, Philoman Reno; 41, Preston Boffess; 44, Talbert Edwards; 47, Uriah Findley; and 50 Starlin Thaxton.

The April 28 Roll gives the distance from the place of enrollment to the place of mustering-in as 60 miles.



The Black Hawk War 1831-1832
Vol. I Illinois Volunteers
Compiled and edited by Ellen M. Whitney
Illinois State Historical library Volume XXXV

Springfield 1970

Received from George H. Ryan
Secretary of State Illinois
Illinois State Archives.
Sept. 24, 1998

AF 92-100275
Listed by:

Virginia Pow Chase
203 S. Hamlin Dr.
Arlington, Wa. 98223

The following Source:

The Carlin Archives online researcher Don Tadlock, Charles E. Carlin and Joseph M. Carlin

Oct. 10, 2000

Thomas A. Carlin born Shelbyville , Kentucky 1786. Note: another report shows him born july 18, 1789 at Fayette County Kentucky, and 1850 Census shows him as a 61 year old farmer in Carrollton, Greene County Illinois, which would mean he was born in 1789. He died Feb. 14, 1852 at Carrollton, Green County Illinois. "the disease which he had was erysipelas" according to The Carrollton Gazette, Feb. 21, 1852.  Erysipelas, also known as "Saint Anthony's fire," is an acute disease of the skin and subcutaneous tisssue caused by hemolytic streptococcus(bacteria which destory red blood cells.) The disease is characterized by inflamation and fever.

Thomas Carlin moved , 1803 to Jefferson County Missouri, with his family; he later moved to Carrollton, Greene county Illinois.

Marrried Rebecca Huitt on Dec. 13, 1814 at Edwarrdsville Junction Madison County Illinois. Rebecca Huitt was born Aug. 27, 1799  at franklin County Georgia. and died Sept. 5, 1865 at Greene County Illinois.

1830 Census Male Female

Thomas Carline 1 - 10 to 15 1 - under 5

1- 40 to 50 2 - 5 to 10

1 - 30 to 40

The 4th general assembly convened at Vandalin, Nove 13, 1825 and adjouned Jan. 18, 1825; a second session met jan 2, 1862, and adjourned Jan. 28, following. In the senate, the district composed of the counties of Greene, morgan, Pike and Fulton, was represented by Hon. Thomas Carlin, after words governot of this state. in the lower house, Job Archibald represented the district composed of Greene and Morgan Counties.

The 5th general assembly met at vandalia, Dec. 4, 1826, and remained in session until Feb. 19, 1827. Hon Thos. Carlin was still in the senate.  Inthe house, John Allen represented the district composed of the counties of  Greene and Calhoun. Mr Allen was one of  the commissioners who located the seat of justices of this county, in 1821, and is spoken of in that connection.

The 6th general assembly was convened at Vandalia Dec. 1, 1828, and adjourned Jan. 23, 1829.   Hon. Thomas carlin still occupied a distinguished place in the senate, from the senatorial district embracing Greene and Calhoun counties. John Allen also, was a member of the lower house, repersenting this district.

Thomas A. Carlin was a Captain in the Illinois Militia during the Black Hawk War. He was elected the 6th governor of Illinois on Dec. 7, 1838, and served as Governor from 1838 - 1842


1850 Census

Thomas Carlin 61m farmer Kentucky

Rebecca (Huitt) 57 f Georgia

Julia 20 f Illinois

Andrew J. 18 m Illinois

John C. 16 m Farmer Illinois

Eugenia 11 f Illinois

Thomas Jr. 8 m Illinois

John Massingill 21 m farmer Illinois

Elizabeth Huitt 90 f Georgia



Argus July 16, 1917, Greenfield, Illinois

A Big Day in Carrollton.

Wednesday, July 4, was a big day in Carrollton, the dedication of  the monument which was erected by the state in honor of Thomas Carlin, the sixth governor of the state. being the prineipal attaction at which Gove. Lowden was the speaker of the day. Then there were the races at the fair gounds, and the double attraction drew a large crowed from far and near.  Thomas carlin, whose atatue was unveiled on this occasion, was born near Frankford, Ky. in 1789. In 1803 the family moved to Missouri, which was then spanish terrirory. His father died there and Thomas came to Illinios and served as a ranger in the war of 1812.  Following the war he operated a ferry for four years opposite the mouth of the Missouri river, where he was married.   In 1818 he located on land which now forms a part of the city of Carrollton.   In 1821 Greene county was created by an act of the legislature in session at Vandalin, and Mr. Carlin was one of the commission appointed to locate the county seat. The town was named Carrollton after Charles Carroll one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.    At the first election in April 1821 Mr Carlin was elected sheriff.    In 1824 he was chosen as state  senator and served four terms.   During the Black Hawk war he commanded a spy battallion; he was chosen governor in 1838 and served four years.  He died at his home in Carrollton Feb. 14, 1852.

The program at the unveiling was a follows:

Musie, band

Invocation, Rev. C.S. Boyd

Song. Ducan Sister quartet.

unveiling of Statue. Mrs Ada Schafer-Smith

Address__"The Mounment, " Victor S. Holm

Introduction of the governor Judge Normand Jones

Address, Governor Frank O. Lowden

Song. Duncan Sister quartet.

Music, Band


November 20, 1924 - - Bronze tablet place at the grave of Governor Carlin by Daughter of War of 1812.   November 23, 1924.

First 6 governors of Illinois were all soldiers of War of 1812  (Bonds, Cole, Edwards, Reynolds, Duncan and Carlin)


November 27, 1925 - - Governor Carlin proclaims first Thanksgiving Day dates in Illinois in 1842.   In 1838 Gove. Duncan also tried to establish date but was not taken seriously.


November 29, 1934 (10 years ago 1924) a bronze marker was placed at the grance fp Gov. Thomas Carlin in the Carrollton Cemetery under the direction of the Daughyers of the War of 1812.  Hon. J. Perrion of Belleville was speaker. Judge Henshaw recounted Gov. Carlin Life as connected with Carrollton History.


July 9, 1870 - - Gove. Thomas Carlin of Carrollton was elected to the gubernatoruak chai in 1838, 20 years after the state was organized and was succeeded by Gov. Thomas Ford in 1842.


The Carrollton Gazette
February 21, 1852 - Death of governor Carlin.   It is with fellings of regret that we have to announce the death of Ex-Governor Thomas Carlin, who breathed his last, at his residence, near this place on February 14, 1852.   The disease which he had was erysipelas.   He leaves behind him an enteresting family and many relatives and friends to mourn his departure.   Peace be to his ashes.


January 29, 1853 sale of lands, adjoining Carrollton.   The farming land adjoning Carrollton, the property of the late Gov. Carlin were sold on Monday of this week at auction, under a decree of the Circuit Court. Prices ranged from $130 per acre down to $20 per acre.


The Carrollton Patriot - September 14, 1906

In the days when the government land office was located in Edwardsville Mr. Carlin lived there.   At one time the land agent at Shawneetown was sent there to take temporary charge of the office.   He had been in Edwardsville but a few days when, going into a barroom of the tavern (there were no hotels with offices in those days) one evening, he found seated in a chair an old man seemmingly quite sick with consumption.  In a few moments there entered a young man, Tall of stature and evidentially an athlete.  Without a word the new arrival stepped to the chair where the invalid was sitting and with his open hand gave him a blow which knocked him to the floor.   No sooner was the blow struck than the land agent picked up a chair and knocked the young man down, then jumped on his prostrate form and began beating him with his fists.  The noise brought the landlord into the barroom in a hurry and he pulled the land agent from the young man, The latter arose, his nose and face bleeding and muttering a few curses, left the room.  The landlord was terribly excited and asked the land agent if he knew who it was he had assaulted. The agent replied he did not and did not care.  The man was a brute and a coward.  The land lord told him the man was Tom Carlin.  The bully of the town and county, a man who had never before been whipped.  He then warned the landlord that his life was in danger, that Carlin would undoubtedly kill him.  The agent replied that he was not alarmed, that a man who would strike an old, sick man as Carlin had done was a Coward and a brute and he as not afraid of him.  A few evenngs later, just as the land agent was going to close his office for the night, the door opened and Carlin walk in. Though somewhat startled, the land agent spoke to him in a calm and dignified tone. "I'm Tom Carlin the man you whipped the other night," said the visitor. "I recognize you, what can I do for you? was the rejoinder. "Say", said Carlin "no man ever whipped me before, I'm known as the bully in all this country.   I've drank whiskey, fought and been regular terror, but I want to quit; I want to be a man. I hear you can read and write and cipher and are real smart and I want to learn if you will help me.  The agent, while eyeing him with suspicion said he would take pleasure in teaching him if he really wanted to learn and asked him when he wish to begin.  Carlin said he was ready at any time and would take lessons every evening.   Before the land agent returned to Shawneeeetown, Carlin could read and write and had made some progress in mathematices.   He soon after married and by the aid of his wife, achieved something of an education and later made a most excellent governor.

This story was related last weekin the Edwardsville Intelligencer which credit the narrative to the Late Hon. N.L. Freeman of Springfield, who was reporter of the supreme court for more then 30 years.


June 28, 1928 - - death recalls an Episode of 1824.  Mrs. Lame was daughter of Rev. Piggot opponent of Gove. Carlin (both secured certificate of election, each presented himself at Candalia, the Capitol and calimed the seat) as a result a second election was held December 13, 1824.  Mr. B.C. Hodges representing the Carlin Mounment commission appeared before the board relative to a place in the SE corner of the court house yard for the erection of the Carlin Mounment.  Mr. Kelly made a motion that the pettion be granted and that the monument should be erected some place near the center of the yard in the SE Corner of the court house. Motion carried.

Information from

Charles E. Carlin
17750 Waxwing Lane
South Bend, In 46635



Fact 1: Born in Kentucky moved to North Carolina

Fact 3: Bet. 1838 - 1842, Sixith Governor of Illinois Full view mounument

Fact 4: Greene County court house yard Carrolleon, Ill.

Fact 5: February 20, 1821, was one of five appointed as commissioner to

Fact 6: county Greene, Illinois. appointed to

Fact 8: Governor Shadrack Bond. the commissioner

Fact 9: were Thomas Tattan, John Allen Esq. ,

Fact 10: Thomas Carlin, John Greene and John Huitt

Fact 11: February 13, 1852, died leaving Widow and seven of 13 children

Fact 12: Thomas Carlin died at home



i. WILLIAM H.9 CARLIN, b. 1815; m. REBECCA HILL; b. 1815, Missouri.


William H. Carlin, an attorney, was elected an Illinois State Senator.

He served as a major of Volunteers during the Mexican War.

ii. MARY ANN CARLIN, b. 1816; m. JAMES LOWRY DONALDSON "DON" MORRISON, December 01, 1842, Adams County Illinois; b. 1816.


Editor's Notte: The official history of the village of Morrisonville, Illinois. Reports the Thomas
Carlin, after completing his service as Governor of Illinois in 1842, purchased the land on which Morrisonville is located, and entered it on June 14, 1851. He left the land to his daughter Mary, according to Morrisonville's history, and Mary left it to her Husband, Colonel James Lowry Donaldson Morrison, for whom the town is named. The principal downtown business and goverment street is named Carlin Street.


Fact1: December 01, 1842, Adams Co. Ill. Vol 1 page 110

iii. EUGENE CARLIN, b. 1817; m. MISS CLARD, 1837; b. 1817, Alabama.

iv. NATHANIEL CARLIN, b. 1818.

v. EMILY SAINT AUBERT CARLIN, b. 1820; d. September 16, 1840.


1850 Census

Emily Carlin 17 f born Illinois living

Margaret (Savage) Perry her half aunt

vi. JULIA CARLIN, b. 1830, Carrollton, Green County Illinois; d. Chicago, Illinois; m. JOHN ADAIR HARDIN, June 22, 1869, Greene County Illinois.


Julia Carlin was a nun in the Sacred Heard Convent


Fact 1.: June 22, 1869, Greene Co. Ill. Vol. E pg. 246 Lic 6197

vii. ANDREW JACKSON CARLIN, b. 1832, Carrollton, Greene County, Illinois; m. ROSANNA "ROSE" KELLY, October 04, 1852, Adams County Illinois; b. 1830.


Listed as a farmer in the 1850 census. His father, Thomas, was also listed as a farmer, as was his younger brother, John C. Carlin


Fact 1.: October 04, 1852, Adams Co. Ill. Vol. 3 Page 236

viii. JOHN CLARK CARLIN, b. 1834, Carrollton, Greene Co. Illinois; m. MARION ENGLISH, September 16, 1863, Jersey County Illinois; b. 1834.


listed as a farmer in the 1850 census. His father Thomas, was also listed as a farmer, as was his older brother, Andrew Jackson Carlin.

Colonel, Conolidated Texasand Missouri Cavalry, Confederate Sataes Army;

previously Captain, 1st Regiment, Missouri State Guard.

The 1850 Census reports John Carlin living at Upper Alton, Madison County Illinois. (Federal Population Schedule, Illinois 1850 Census Index ILS7a838270,)

The 1860 Census reported tha John Carlin was living at Round Grover Township, Marion County Missouri. (Federal Population Schedule, Missouri 1860 Federal Census Index MO06023041.)

Deb Rule, the write , reports that Marion County Missouri, is next to Monroe County, Where John Carlin enlisted. John also listed Marion County, as his residence in the Gratiot Street Prison record, Married Marion English Sept. 16, 1863 at Jersey County Illinois. Marion was born about 1834. In Nove. 18863, only two months after his marriage, Col. John Clark Carlin was captured by Union forces and held at the Gratiot street Prison, St. Louis, Missouri, from which he later escaped at several different times. Deb Rule has found that the prison's record show the following.

Gratiot Street Prison records;

Nov. 14. 1863

Carlin, John C. Col.
Con. Tex & Mo Cav.
Residence: Marion Co. Mo.
Captured: Madison Co. Ill/ Oct. 18, 1863
Heith: 5'9
Hair: light
Eyes; blue

John Clark Carlin

Time line

1834 Feburaty 14, born in Carrollton or Quincy, Illinois, to Thomas and Rebecca (Huitt) Carlin

(date calulated from dates on tomb stone)

1838 Father elected sixth goveror of Illinois

1842 Father's term of office expirred, and family returned to Carrollton,

1850 Listed on census as age 16, famer, residing at home with his father and mother and four brothers and sister Julia 20; Andrew J. 18; Eugenia, 11: and Thomas, 8, Also residing at the Carlin home were J.  Massingill, 21, and Elizabeth Huitt 90, probably Rebecca's mother.

1852 February, father died. Carrollton Gazette.

1860 Left Illinois and became a resident of Missouri.

J.C. Carlin's letter to General Rosecrans dated 2/15/64

Censuse lists omther and sister, Euggenia, at home, with six others ---- not carlins.

1861 September 6,. Joined Missouri State Guard as Captain of Scouts, 1st Regiment, 2nd Division.

Carlin's ssworn statement of 4/63, and 2/15/64 letter to General Rosecrans.

Listed on reconstructed roster of Companty C as 1st Lieutenant, Captain. K Canfield Narrative

November 29, authorized to raise troops for the MSG, for  either 6 or 12 month's service, or during the war. G.O.

109/9 Hq. MSG, Major General S. Price, A.A.G.; and sworn statement of 4/63.

December 25, captured Paaris, Monroe County. Union POW

Records, sworn statement of 4/63, and 2/15/64 to General Rosecrans.

1862 June 4, escaped prison. Sworn statement of 4/63.

Captured and wounded at Reynolds County, Missouri.

Imprisoned at Rolla, then at St, Louis. Sworn statement of 4/63. and 2/15/64 letter to General Rosecans.

July, August and September. Hospitalized. Parole to the Hospital of the Sisters of Charity. Later parole extended to the limits of the city (St. Louis) Sworn statement of 4/63.

"about the last of October." having recovered, he was retuned to the Myrtle St. Prison inSt. Louis. 2/15/64 letter to General Rosecrans.

1863 January 7, transferred to the Military Prison in Alton, Illinois.   The Alton records list him as Captain, five feet nine inches tall, blue eyes and red hair. POW Records January 31, transferred to Camp Chase, Ohio. Prison records describe him as 5 feet 9 1/2 inches tall, age 26. blue eyes, hair red, and sandy complexion. Note, Carlin would have been 28 years of age at the time. POW Records.  After 31 January heard of the marriage of his younger sister, her departure from home, leavind his mother alone, except for servants. 2/15/64 letter to General Rosecrans.

March 28, to April 2, transferred with a group of 618 prisoner to City Point, Virgina for prisoner exchange. Released to CSA forces. National Archives.

April 16, CSA vocher form approved pay of $2254, for service from November 29, 1861 to April 2, 1863, Johne C. Carlin, Captain. National Archives.

April, May, June at Richmond, then Shreveport and Jackson, Mississippi. Elected to command a consolidated Texas/ Missouri Cavalry unit. 2/15/64 letter to General Rosecrans.

After June, '63' obtained leave of absence and returned home "to private and family matters. " 2/15/64 letter to General Rosecrans.

September 16, married Marion English, of Carrollton.

Note in Evans Family History.

17 or 18 October, captured in Madison County Illinois. Identified as Colonel, Consolidated Regiment Texas and Missouri Cavalry.

Recived at Alton prison. National Arcives.

November 13, , sent to the Gratiot St. Prison, in St. Louis, by order of Major General Schofield. National Arihives.

November 14, identifed as son of ex-Governor os Illinois by fellow prisoner. Griffin Frost journal.

November 14, escaped the same day. National Archives.

December, letter from the Military Prison, Alton, Illinois, signed by Colonel G.W. Kincaid state "Col. John C. Carlin expended with sutler all funds he had when captured."

Note information is given on the date of this capture.

December 25 and 28, in Gratiot St. Prison. Griffin Frost jurnal.

1864 Feburay 15, wrote letter to General Rosecrans, from Strong Room No. 4 Gratiot St. Prison. National Arcives.

Feburay 19, Gratiot St. Prison memorandum from the Acting Provost Marshal, Department of Missouri, infomed Major General Rosecrans the reason for Carlin's arrest in Alton Illinois. This memorandum accompanied Carlin's letter of 2/15.

June 18-19, Gratiot St. Prison morning report lists John Carlin Col. Texas and Missouri Cava;ry as prioner.

June 18, escaped. Griffin Frost Journal.

August 24, Wounded and captured near Carrollton.

Carrollton Gazett

August 27,taken to Jacksonville for transfer to Johnson's Island. Carrollton Gazette.

September 8, word of capture reached Gratiot St. Prison.

Griffin Frost journal.

1865 February 27, died at Springfield. Estate: interest in Father land, i mare, 4 pistols and pistol holder, $150. Greene County

Supervisor's Records.

March 4, body taken to mother's home for burial. Carrollton Gazette.

December 28. Wife of John C. Carlin married to J. Willard Rider.

Carrollton Gazette.

[?] Mo. S. guard
Camp on Sac River Nov 29 1861
Official order No. 109 [?]

Capt. J.C. Carlin is hereby authorised to proceed to Marion & the adjoing counties, raise men for service, in the Missouri State guard. Hew will recive them for six, or twelve months, of during the War. He is also authorised to swear them into the service. and when so swrn in, [?] for such transportation & subsistence supplies as they may need, keeping a strick account of the same & rendering his sworn & mustered into the service, he will at once proceed with them to the Head Quarters of the Army By order of Maj. Gen S. Price



Entered service in the Missouri State Guard on the sixth day of September 1861 -- served in the capacity of Captain of Scouts, On detached duty until the 29th day of November 1861 -- When I rec'd orders from Gen S. Price - a certified copy of which is herewith send file

Dec. 3/63

Acting in obedience to these orders, I proceeded to the locality, therin mentioned, and recruited a battalion of four companies - appointed them 26th day of December for general rendezvous and the puprose of battalion organization - was captured by Enemies' Cavalry on the 25th Dec. -- thrown into prison, where I lay, in irons, until my life was despaired of -- when I was transferred to Military Prison at St Louis Mo -- effected my escape on the night of the 4th June -- was wounded and recaptured on the 2nd of July -- committed to prison in Rolla Mo.-- thence sent to St Louis -- lay three months in Hospital -- thence to Alton Penitentiary Illinois -- thence to Camp Chase Ohio -- and finally exchanged via City point. My command was attached the the first Regiment Second Division Missouri State Guard -- Gen Thomas H. Harris commanding Divison -- Am in the service "for the war", (if I live) and during life after the war. I remain with great respect.

Your Obdt Servt
J C Carlin Captain
Sworn to before me by Capt Carlin April [?] 1863

John{ ? } Maj [?]

The answer lies in the journal of a Palmyra, Mo. bespaper editor Griffin Frost, imprisoned during the war at gratiot Streen Prison in St. Louis:

Nove. 14 1863 John C. Carlin, captured somewhere in Illinois, was brought in to-day, with a ball and chain attached to his leg......Carlin is a son of an Ex-Governor of Illinois, and as brave a fellow as ever contended for principle against his oen interest...

Nove. 15- Another long, lonesome and gloomy day has passed.....

"Dec. 28 Christmas Day passedoff dull enough, and we stole to our beds as quietly as chained dogs to our kennels. Slept till midnight, when a militia horse thief from the lower quarters came running up and informed the prison officers... they went down and discovered that a hole had been cut through the floor of Clifford's and Carlin room, through which they propsed to let themselves down by blankets....The next day clifford was thrown into a solitary dungeon, and Carlin, Sebring and one other were taken down into the yard, and hand-cuffed and chained to a post.... They were kept there until late at night, although the weather was extremely cold; they stamped, shouted, and sang to keep from freezing; we could hear them after we went to bed, thumping the pavement, and singing "Hard Times," The same thing was repeated yesterday and to-day, except Carlin had a post to himself, and the weather was much colder; we find it difficult to keep comfortable by the fire and yet we hear "Hard Times come again no more" pealing out on the frozen air."

Captain Frost wrote again of Carlin, Sept. the follwoing year: "We have heard from Col. John Carlin, who escaped from here on the 18th of  last June, and was afterwards recaptured in Illinois, during a fight, in which he was severely wounded. Our ntelligence assurres us that he is again in the enjoyment of his liberty, procured by his own wit and daring in effecting an escape"

Griffin Frost's book "Camp and prison Journal" was recently reprinted and is available on Absolom Grimes ' book "confederate Mail Runner" was printed in 1926 and a rather rare and pricey but there are copies acailabe on ABE at It's a heckuva good story, though. search by title of with Quaife (The editor) as the author, rather than with Grimes as the author.

Gratiot Street Prison records on John C. Carlin say this: Carlin, John C. Colinel Const. TX&MO. Cav. captured Madison County Illinois 18, Oct. 1863

He was apparently held at Myrtle Street Prison in St. Louis for about a month before being moved to gratiot(Frost mentions him arriving Nove 14 1863)

Frost says: Nove. 14, 1863--John C. Carlin, captured somewhere in Illinois, was brought in today, with a ball and chain attached to his leg. He was sent to Clifford's lock-up; of they should fall out it will be Greek meeting Greek.

Carlin is a son of an Ex-Governor of Illinois, and as brave a fellow as ever contended for principil against his own interest; if the mass of the Democracy at the North had been possessed of his back bone, the country need not now have been groaning undera despotism... (and so on with more Rebel talk that has nothing to do with the story--Frost didn't go off on thoses rants too often, mostly the writing is good and informative. expect when he got off on the Rebel cause or race relations. He was in Gratiot a long time and was bored)

The Clifford mentioned is Samuel Clifford who was 21 at the time, big and very handsome but --all sources sgree--the meanest mand anyone had ever met.  He murdered a Federal soldier who was locked up with him for drunkenness by smashing him in the chest with the cannon ball that was chained to his leg.  Another time he threw a suspected informant on his back on a red-hot stove burning him badlly. Clifford was shot to death a few years after the war by a sheriff against whom he had a grudge--the sheriff was a tad wuicker to fire than Clifford.

Carlin and his cell-mate(including Absalom Grimes) around Christmas tried to escape. They were found out, Carlin , Grimes and the others were punished by handcuffing them around a porch post and making them stand there all day and most of the night--this is in winter, remember. After a few days an offer was made that the punishment would be discontinued if they gave their word they wouldn't attempt to escape. Apparently Carlin agreed because only Grimes, a fellow named Sebring, and Clifford were returned to the post the next day.

When Ab Grimes arrived at Gratiot in Dec. 1863 he already had a reputation as an escape artist.   He'd escaped from Gratiot, and a death sentence, once before in 1862 and on this second stay was watched very seriously. He says of his intro to Carlin: I was sent to Gratiot Street prison and placed in room number 3 with several other Confederates, among whom were Lt. William H. Sebring, Colonel John Carlin, Joe Leddy, Sam Clifford and Shed Davis. Someone told the prison keeper that Colonel Carlin and myself had a plan to escape. Carlin was removed from our room and we were both put in irons. I became very angry and threatened dire things and the escape of our roomfull of men.

Nest time he mentions Carlin(They were separated) was in connection with the June 18, 1864 escape, engineered by Ab Grimes in which two men were killed and three(inc. Grimes) were wounded. Most of these fellows had been sentenced to death for spying or bushwhacking or the like and so had nothing to lose in very desperate escape attempts. Grimes was only a few days away from being hanged. He says:  On the day before we made our attempt to escape we threw a note from our window of Room Number 2, informing the inmates of our plan. There were five men in the room[Sebring, John Carlin, Hill, Louden, Yates].... at the hour of the attack they were in the upper yard. Carlin was in the lead and he was prepared for the guard. He struck him on the head with a brick and the guard let him pass... Hill, Sebring, Carlin and yates ran through the gate and made their escape. Two months after this John Carlin, who was a son of Gobernor Carlin of Illinois, was shot and killed in that state by a sheriff who was trying to capture him.

OTOH, Frost says September 8, 1864: We have heard from Col. John Carlin, who escaped from here on the 18th of ladt June, and was afterewards recaptured in Illinois, during a fight ,  n which he was severely wounded.  Our intelligence assures us that he is again in the enjoyment of his liberty, procured by his own wit and daring in effecting an escape. [so much for the accuracy of their intelligence.]

Transcription of manuscript letter from J.C. Carlin addressed to Maj. Gen. Wm S. Rosecrans Com. Dept of the Mo:
Strong Room no. 4
Gratiot St Prison, St. Louis

Feby 15th 1864


Your early vivit to the prison - the patient kindness & solicitude evinced by you on tht occasion, together with the enviable reputation you enjoy for just, and magnanimous conduct as a soldier, induce me to adress you, and afford you a brief statement of facts connected with my present situatuion, which I deem necessary to assist you in the "Inquiry into my case"-- which you were kind enough to promise.   In the desultory conversation, held with you in the prison yard, I sought to inform you of the nature of my case, but, upon reliection, concluded I had not succeeded. I am a native of the state of Illinois where I chiefly resided, untile years of 60 -- when I became a resident of the state of Mo. When the war began I joined the first Regiment -- 2d Div M.S.G. - then commanded by Col Martin E. Green -- and served  therein until my first capture, which took place in December 1861. I was retained in prison untile June 4th 1862, when I effected my escape from this prison. I was again captured the following month (July) and returned to this prison. Shortlly afterwards, without any effort on my own. I was proled to the limits of the Hospital of the Sisters of Charity -- and my paroled afterwards extended to the limits of the City. About the last of October, having become convalescent, I was remanded to this prioson; Shortly afterwards transferred to Myrtle St Prison -- thence to Alron -- thence to camp Chase, and thence, on exchange to City Point. At Richmond recd orders from the Secty of War to report to Lieut. Gen E.K. Smith at Shreveport La.


The Carrollton gazette
August 20, 1864 - Capture of Carlin - - for some time past  there has been very mysterious signs, indicating trouble throughout our county, which was beginning to alarm our citizens, but no definite action and had been taken to avert the trouble until last week, when the notorious guerrilla JOHN Carlin, who is well known in this community and who was sentenced some time since by a court martial to be shot, which sentence was   afterwards commuted to imprisonment during the war, was seen approaching Carrollton through one of our neighboring farms.  This was a signal for action so the citizens immediatley began their preparations, and on Sunday night, hearing of the Location of a camp about 13 miles SE of Carrollton, within the Jersey county line, in the vicinity of what is known as Means's springs about 3 miles SW of Turpins Mill, Deputy Provost Marshal Hackney with a posse of citizens, started for the place and about 8 o'clock made an attack, capturing John Carlin after shooting him twice, one shot making but a slight flesh wound, the other entering his back just below the right shoulder, passing through one of his lungs and loding inside of the skin in his right breast. CARLIN was brought to town and his wounds dressed by Dr. Davis and Crow.  The wounds are belived to be mortal. There were some 15 of the guerrillas in the vicinity of the camp but managed to make good their escape. A carpet sack belong to Carlin was captured containing papers which were said to make some valuable disclosures. The camp was well provisioned and it is belived it was the intention for their forces to concentrate there for the purpose of making a general raid.

After the above capture, scouts were sent out in different directions from town and on Tuesday in a North westerly direction from town, in what is called Africa, they came across a party of four who fired twice at our scouts, who in return, brought one of them down by lodging a load of buck-shot in the back of his head and shoulder. As soon as he fell one of his comarades ran to him and and cut his belt, took his pistols, darted into the thick brush and was lost sight of. They were unable to learn the name of the wounded man, but by some meanes learned tht he was from Tennessee and had been in the confederat army. He had on his person some $55 in confederate script. He has not been heared to utter a sentence since he was shot and is now lying in our jail in a senseless condition from which it thought he cannot possible recover. We are informed that a man giving his name as Smith was arrested in the south part of the county, by a squad of cavalrymen. For this we cannot vouch.  The citizens seem to be pursuing the only proper means of getting rid of desperadoes and are abundantly qualified for the task, They have the will and are determined to execute it. It behooves all to keep a vigiland look out for them and when suspicious characters are seen loitering about they should be spotted.

Since the above was put in type, we learn that those persons who were with CARLIN at the Means's springs camp are encamped in Pike county, having crossed the river at Bedford and are 17 in number. The citizen of Pike are apprised of their camp as well as the character of the men, and have a force sufficient to capture them - - they sent over to get Deputy Hackney to take command of their forces, but he could not go account of it being out of this district.

The Carrollton Gazette
August 27, 1864 - - On Monday last the notorious Character JOHN CARLIN, was removed from our jail by Deputy Marshal Hackney and taken to Jacksonville. We are informed that he is to be sent to Johnson's Island where he is to remain during the war.  On leaving the jail, he was understood to say threateningly that he would again visit Carrollton - not as he left.

March 4, 1865 - - On Monday last the remains of John Carlin was taken through town to the residence of his mother for burial in the family burying ground. He it will be remembered was shot near this place last fall and has since been under guard at Camp Butler, but has been gradually sinking from the effects of his wounds, until death at last ended his career on earth.


Sources: Recived 3/5/2003 from
Charles E. Carlin
17750 Waxwing Lane
South Bend. IN 46635


Fact: September 16, 1863, Jersey Co. Ill. Vol 1, page 53


January 6, 1866 - Married December 28, 1865

J. Willard Rider of St. Louis to Mrs. Marion Carlin (Wife of John C. Carlin) daughter of Lindsey H. English of this place.

[from The Carrollton Gaztte]

ix. EUGENIA C. CARLIN, b. 1839, Carrollton, Greene County, Illinois; d. 1886, St. Louis Missouri; m. FRED WOODWARD, May 06, 1850, St. Clair Couinty Illinois; b. 1839.


December 7, 1906 (20 years ago 1886) Mrs Eugenia C. Woodward youngest girl of late Gove. Thomas Carlin. died at St. Louis and was buried at Carrollton.


Burial: Carrollton Greene County Illinois


Fact 1.: May 06, 1859, St. Clair Co. Ill. Vol. 1 page 203 Lic 625

x. THOMAS B. "NAT" CARLIN, b. 1842, Carrollton, Green County Illinois; m. REBECCA ENGLISH, 1862, Texas; b. 1842.


Fact 1.: Rebecca and Nat Carlin moved to California








Page Created: 17 June 2001