Researched & Written By:
Esther M. Ziock Carroll


( * indicates an ancestor of Esther M. Carroll )

SAM HILDEBRAND claimed to have held his headquarters"in a secure place between Caledonia and Palmer."

SHELBY COLE, a resident of near Mineral Point and son of well known resident, Joshua cole, was arrested as a Confederate spy when he came unauthorized within Union lines at Mineral Point and attempted to leave without a pass on Monday, September 26, 1864.  The next morning after returning from breakfast, he tried to escape, attempting to shoot a guard in the process and was again arrested.   That evening a Union soldier lent his overcoat to Cole because it was raining.   Cole offered to return it but the soldier told him, "Keep it, you need it most."

Cole then drew a pocket knife, which he had borrowed, attacked the soldier and slashed his jugular, killing him.  Others came to defend the soldier and Cole cut the eye of one and severely cut the others.  He was again recaptured and by order taken to DeSoto.  Here, the soldiers indignation against Cole prompted them to capture him from the guard and hang him.  When he was told of his fate, he maintained a sulky indifference.  Someone commented that his wife might like to see him once more, and he replied, "No, she wouldn't."

He was then hung from a tree and after 15 minutes was still alive, his face contorted in agony.  The soldiers then took hold of his heels and "jumped him" from the rope breaking his neck and causing death.

CAPT. JOHN SITTON (Confederate) found a wounded unconscious Union soldier on the ridge between Hazel Creek and Palmer.  He reported to a neighbor woman and asked her to care for him.  She took water but the man never regained consciousness.  His grave may still be seen along the roadside.   During Price's raid through Missouri, Capt. Sitton was shot at Blue Spring.   He dressed his own wound with unseeded cotton, when left alone between two dead Union soldiers.  Although army surgeons gave up on him, he was sent to a hospital in Kansas City, Missouri and later to St. Louis for treatment.  When he was partially recovered, he was taken to Johnson's Island and held as a prisoner of war until paroled.   While in this prison, inmates killed and ate rats because of starvation rations.   Capt. Sitton said the only reason he did not eat them, his wounds prevented him from catching them.

HARVEY SITTON, father of John J., gave aid to Confederate soldiers.  For his assistance, he was forced to take his family to Illinois to save his life.  His home had been fired several times and he was forced to carry water barefoot in the snow to extinguish the blaze.

MORRIS ADAMS had the reputation of killing many men during the Civil War.  It is said he killed two men on Black River and cut their heads off.

Two WINGO BROTHERS fought for the Bule and Gray.  Ed was Confederate and John was Union.

*ANDREW STUART DICKEY was a veteran of the War of 1812 and great, great, great, great grandfather of Esther Carroll.  He had fire set to his home.  One day he thought secessionist soldiers were going to set fire again.  He reached for his gun, accidentally discharging it and shattering his leg so severely that amputation was necessary.

ARCHIE TENNYSON was a Confederate soldier and took lives of men.

The CARSON SISTERS owned slaves and had a plantation near Belgrade.  Their home was burned, and they were forced to cross Big River at night to seek refuge at the home of their brother.

FENDALL CRUMP and WILLIAM RELFE were whipped severely by Militia or Home Guard.

GIB BLOUNT, SETH HOLLINSWORTH, TOM PARKIN and an older brother were boys during the Civil War and played on a tar kiln.  They heard guns fire, and it frightened them until the three older ones ran away and left Tom.   He started home alone and frightened until he thought 1,000 horses were all after him.  His father left Missouri because of the war and went to Pennsylvania and worked in the coal mines.

The RAMSEY HOUSE in Caledonia is said to have been used as a hospital after the Battle of Pilot Knob.  This is very likely true, as the Daily Missouri Democrat stated:  "Besides their wounded left in hospital at Overton, they are found scattered along their march in residences on the route from Arcadia Valley to Leasburg."  The graves of many unknown Civil War soldiers who died as a result of the Battle of Pilot Knob are in the Presbyterian Cemetery near Caledonia.

The CRESSWELL FURNACE still stands and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Isaac URIAH HARGUS, great grandfather of Edgar Dotson, gave aid to Confederate soldiers.  He fed soldiers at guerilla cave at Pleasant Hill.  Isaac vowed he would not shave until the south won.  In all of the family pictures he has a very long beard!

JIM and GEORGE COLE (brothers) fought on different sides in the war.

The MANNING BROTHERS, at Palmer, were large dealers in buying and selling slaves.

The MATHIAS BROTHERS, at Palmer, were also dealers in slaves.

GEORGE BRECKENRIDGE was a large plantation and slave owner and was located on Big River and Clear Creek.

JOHN P. RAMSEY was a minister and a bushwhacker.

McMURTRY was was forced to pilot one division of Price's army when they were returning from their raid.

January 17, 1935, MR. BOGUE, Civil War veteran passes away.  November 21, 1935, JESSE WILSON of Shirley was in Potosi on Saturday and looks like a man of 70 instead of 92 and says he is feeling fine.  Mr. Wilson was on Sherman's March to the Sea and says he remembers it very well.  June 17, 1937, Morris Adams, Civil War veteran dies at Belgrade after a short illness.   This leaves Jesse Wilson as the last surviving Civil War soldier in Washington County.

Rudy Foree, step-father of Esther Carroll, lived many years in Gen. Wm. T. Sherman's beautiful old home in the town of Sherman, Missouri.  In a cave near the house were metal eye hooks where Confederate prisoners had been kept chained.  Rudy's grandfather, William Foree (at that time the name was spelled Fore) was a Confederate soldier from Kentucky.  He was captured and sent to the prison at Alton, Illinois.  From this place he and another man escaped by floating across the Mississippi River on a board or a log.  William eventually settled in Edgar Springs, Missouri and Rudy later resided in Washington County, Missouri.  

*BRAD DICUS, great, great grandfather of Esther Carroll, served with Co. F, 32 Regiment, Missouri Volunteer Infantry.  He was one of Sherman's raiders and was at the Siege of Vicksburg and took part in Sherman's historic March to the Sea.  Brad also had two brothers in the Union Army - Hugh and Samuel Dicus.

*DANIEL MARTIN, great, great grandfather of Esther Carroll, was a soldier from Virginia.  He settled in Washington County after the war.

*AUGUST ZIOCK, SR., an immigrant from Germany who became a merchant in St. Louis and great grandfather of Esther Carroll, paid a substitute to serve in his place during the Civil War.

*WILLIAM C. HUITT, collateral ancestor of Esther Carroll, served with Co. E, 50th Regiment.  Other Union collateral ancestors are:   J.T. HUITT, GEO. W. HUITT,  HIRAM HUITT, HUGH and SAMUEL DICUS, T.J. SKAGGS.  Collateral Confederate ancestors are:  Claiborne Huitt of Dent County and John Wilson Green of St. Francois County.


I plan to continue collecting information pertaining to the Civil War in Washington County.  Would like to locate and record the graves of all Civil War soldiers in the county, both Union and Confederate.  Would also like to see historic markers placed at various locations throughout the county commemorating the Civil War events that occured there.

While working on this article, the Carroll Clan - Esther and Gene and our "kids" (dog & 2 cats) Sandy, Candy and Brandy, camped a few days at Onandaga Cave State Park on the Meramec River near Leasburg.  At Leasburg we shopped at the store by the railroad tracks and enjoyed delicious food from the Chat & Chew restaurant.  Our last day at the park there was a flash flood and we had to hurriedly evacuate the campground.


I would like to thank the following people who contributed information or otherwise assisted in my research:  U.S. Army Military Institute, Confederate Research Center, John F. Bradbury, Jr. - University of Missouri/Rolla;  Gene Carroll and Gene Dressel - both members of The Military Order of the Stars & Bars and Sons of Confederate Veterans;  Jim Nichols, Joe Trokey, Ray Nichols - Confederate Re-enactors;  Jerry Sansegraw (Cresswell descendant);   Maxine Dettmar - Ft. Davidson State Historic Site;  Dorothy Lore (Cresswell descendant, grew up on Cresswell farm) - head librarian of Washington County Library;   staff of Huzzah Valley Stables and Campground - Crawford County;  Kay Petit - State Historical Society of Missouri;  Robert Shaner, Edgar Dotson, Mark Akers and Lindell Akers - citizens of Washington County.


Libraries - Washington County, DeSoto and St. Louis, Ozark Regional Libraries of Fredericktown and Ironton, Curtis Laws Wilson Library - University of Missouri/Rolla.  Newspapers:  Missouri Republican, St. Louis Daily Missouri Democrat, Peoria Daily Transcript, Independent Journal.   Goodspeed's History of Franklin, Jefferson, Washington, Crawford and Gasconade Counties, Missouri;  Compendium of the War of the Rebellion;  The History of Bellevue Valley;  The Civil War in Missouri Day by Day;  Frederick Will's 1875 map of Washington County;  The War of the Rebellion;  The Rebellion in Missouri 1861;  the Medical & Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion;  Civil War Reminiscences of Gen. M. Jeff Thompson;  Confederate Military History Extended Editon;  Southern Historical Society Papers Vol. VII;  The Battle of Pilot Knob;   Missouri Confederate Roll of Honor;  Pilot Knob Thermopylae of the West;   Sam Hildebrand Rides Again;  Sam Hildebrand Guerilla Fighter;  History of Southeast Missouri - Goodspeed and Douglas;  Placenames of Five Southeast Missouri Counties;  The Civil War As Seen From the Capitol City;  Between Missourians - The Civil War in Ripley County;  Union Heroism At Pilot Knob Saved St. Louis From Attack;  A Lady of Arcadia;  War Papers and Personal Reminiscences 1861 - 1865;   A Connecticut Yankee in the Frontier Ozarks;  Thompson's Raid: The Battle of Fredericktown;  Interesting Facts of the Civil War In and Around Washington County.


Hit Counter